irritable

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
adj. fretful, petulant, peevish, touchy, sensitive. See irascibility.
II
(Roget's IV) modif.
Syn. sensitive, irascible, touchy, testy, ill-tempered, huffy, peevish, petulant, fractious, tense, high-strung, contentious, disputatious, resentful, fretting, carping, crabbed, hypercritical, out of humor, bearish, quick-tempered, short-tempered, easily offended, choleric, splenetic, glum, complaining, brooding, dissatisfied, plaintive, snarling, grumbling, surly, gloomy, ill-natured, morose, moody, fidgety, snappish, waspish, cantankerous, crotchety, curmudgeonly, captious, fretful, querulous, hypersensitive, ill-humored, annoyed, cross, cranky, churlish, grouchy, gruff, short, shrewish, sulky, sullen, crusty*, snappy*, having a short fuse*, thin-skinned*, pickle-pussed*, grumpy*, sour-bellied*; see also critical 2 , excitable , quarrelsome 2 .
Ant. pleasant*, agreeable, good-natured.
Syn.- irritable implies quick excitability to annoyance or anger, usually resulting from emotional tension, restlessness, physical indisposition, etc.; irascible and choleric are applied to persons who are hot-tempered and can be roused to a fit of anger at the slightest irritation; splenetic suggests a peevish moroseness in one quick to vent his malice or spite; touchy applies to one who is acutely irritable or sensitive and is too easily offended; cranky and cross suggest moods in which one cannot be easily pleased or satisfied, cranky because of stubborn notions or whims, and cross because of ill humor
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) a.
grouchy, touchy, cantankerous, irascible, crabby, testy, moody, snappy, grumbling, quick-tempered, petulant, grumpy.
ANT.: good-humored, good-natured, even-tempered
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) adjective Having or showing a bad temper: bad-tempered, cantankerous, crabbed, cranky, cross, disagreeable, fretful, grouchy, grumpy, ill-tempered, irascible, nasty, peevish, petulant, querulous, snappish, snappy, surly, testy, ugly, waspish. Informal: crabby, mean2. Idiom: out of sorts. See ATTITUDE.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • irritable — [ iritabl ] adj. • 1757; « irritant » 1520; lat. irritabilis 1 ♦ Biol. Susceptible de réagir à un stimulus. Toute matière vivante est irritable. ⇒ excitable. 2 ♦ (1829) Cour. Prompt à se mettre en colère, qu un rien irrite. ⇒ chatouilleux,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • irritable — irritable, fractious, peevish, snappish, waspish, petulant, pettish, huffy, fretful, querulous apply to persons or to their moods or dispositions in the sense of showing impatience or anger without due or sufficient cause. Irritable implies… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Irritable — Ir ri*ta*ble, a. [L. irritabilis: cf. F. irritable. See {Irritate}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Capable of being irritated. [1913 Webster] 2. Very susceptible of anger or passion; easily inflamed or exasperated; as, an irritable temper. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • irritable — adjetivo 1. (ser / estar) Que se irrita o tiende a irritarse o enfadarse con facilidad: Tiene un carácter muy irritable. Estás muy irritable últimamente, ¿se puede saber qué te ocurre? …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • irritable — [ir′i tə bəl] adj. [L irritabilis < irritare, to IRRITATE] 1. easily annoyed or provoked; fretful 2. Med. excessively or pathologically sensitive to a stimulus 3. Physiol. able to respond to a stimulus irritability n. irritableness irritably… …   English World dictionary

  • irritable — (adj.) 1660s, from Fr. irritable and directly from L. irritabilis easily excited, from irritare (see IRRITATE (Cf. irritate)). Related: Irritably …   Etymology dictionary

  • irritable — index fractious, froward, petulant, querulous, sensitive (easily affected) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • irritable — [adj] bad tempered, crabby annoyed, bearish, brooding, cantankerous, carping, choleric, complaining, contentious, crabbed, cross, crotchety, disputatious, dissatisfied, dyspeptic, easily offended, exasperated, fiery, fractious, fretful, fretting …   New thesaurus

  • irritable — ► ADJECTIVE 1) easily annoyed or angered. 2) Medicine abnormally sensitive. DERIVATIVES irritability noun irritableness noun irritably adverb …   English terms dictionary

  • irritable — (i rri ta bl ) adj. 1°   Qui s irrite facilement. Homme irritable. Un esprit irritable. 2°   Qui est vivement affecté par les impressions reçues, tant au physique qu au moral. Tempérament irritable. Il a le genre nerveux très irritable.… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • IRRITABLE — adj. des deux genres T. de Physiologie. Susceptible d irritation, de contraction. Les muscles sont irritables.   Il se dit aussi en parlant De la disposition à éprouver très vivement les impressions qu on reçoit. Il est d un tempérament fort… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

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